For the first time, the Yalta International Economic Forum held a section on preservation historical and architectural heritage and the creation of new social and cultural objects and facilities in the Republic of Crimea.
Arina Novoselskaya, the Minister of Culture of the Republic of Crimea, spoke at the session. The Minister thanked the section’s participants for their interest and quoted Vladimir Putin, the President of the Russian Federation, who said, “Culture is a national security factor.”
The speaker noted, “Culture often remains the topic for conversations that do not translate into actions.” Currently, according to the Ministry’s data, Crimea has over 10,000 cultural and archaeological monuments. Of them, 218 are cultural sites of federal significance, and 1,795 are cultural sites of regional significance. 2,000 are underwater archaeology monuments.
All these sites require investments for preserving Crimea’s cultural and historical heritage and making them into tourist attractions.
Yelena Drapeko, a State Duma Deputy, Deputy Chair of the State Duma’s Culture Committee, Honoured Actress of the RSFSR, told the section’s participants about the legislative initiatives for creating protection zones for cultural heritages sites. Besides, Ms. Drapeko outlined several unresolved problems. In particular, she noted, there are problems with underwater archaeology monuments. “We have encountered a horrendous problem. As per the Russian law, the border follows the coastline, and whom do the things on the shelf belong to?” the speaker asked. The second problem she touched upon pertained to the heritage sites located on the territories with no museums, but there are monuments or historical and cultural reserves. “Pursuant to the initiative proposed by the State Duma’s Culture Committee, a law was drafted on such sites that permits concluding concession agreements between individuals and legal entities on developing such territories provided all the preservation obligations in regard to cultural heritage sites are maintained. This will be a partial solution to the problem,” the speaker said.
The section’s participants, namely, Vasily Pankratov, Director of Gatchina State Museum and Reserve, Olga Taratynova, Director of Tsarskoye Selo State Museum and Reserve, Alexander Kolyakin, Director of the State Museum of the History of St. Petersburg, and other speakers shared their experience of using tourist potential to develop cultural institutions. They mentioned such trends as event tourism and holding various festivals, exhibitions, and expos. The participants discussed development trends for historical and cultural reserves with limited financing; they particularly dwelled on the problem of increasing revenues coming from sources other than public funding, such as introducing new and specialized routes and expanding infrastructure (cafes, parking for tour buses, etc.), introducing additional fee-based services in the reserves.
Summarizing the section’s results, the participants noted that Crimea’s museums have very good prospects and a great potential.
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