Russian state corporation Roskosmos, and the Russian Space Systems corporation (RKS) are boosting their deployment of space technology and data processing for Crimean needs. Russia's leading space-technology organisations are providing high-end monitoring of the Kerch Straits Crimean Bridge, in addition to leveraging the astronomical potential of the Crimean Astro-Physics Observatory for calculating and fixing the space positions of objects in earth orbit. All this was discussed during the 'Space research & international cooperation in the cosmos' sectional session at the 3rd Yalta International Economic Forum (YIEF).
“Currently Crimea is lagging behind Russia's other Regions in its deployment of the results of space technology. During Forum discussions with Crimea's regional authorities it was resolved to intensify the use of such research” said Mr Anatoly Perminov, the Deputy Director of Russian Space Systems Corp and Deputy Director of the International Astronautics Academy.
Mr Perminov noted the fast-developing world market for drone technology – a segment currently worth more than 72 billion dollars. Russia's share of this prime market remains limited, at only $240 million dollars. The number of drones in civilian use is growing at a great pace, and it's a segment which Russia is making great strides to expand.
RKS Corp is developing a national network of high-accuracy global positioning (GPS). The network of stations is already in place, but Crimea's stations aren't coordinated into one system, and suffer from disparate ownership issues, Perminov remarked. Once Crimea's stations move over to the unified network RKS has developed, guaranteed positioning results will become available within Crimea with an accuracy of up to one centimetre, the RKS boss announced.
“The job of creating seamless GPS coverage in Crimea by utilising existing high-accuracy sensors will be sorted-out over 2017-2018. It's an important issue for establishing land inventories and monitoring waste” Mr Perminov confirmed. “Our corporation's high-accuracy monitoring capabilities for large-scale engineering projects will be put to use during the construction of the Kerch Straits Crimea Bridge”.
A different, yet vital project is also being researched by the team of specialists at Roskosmos – the growing issue of 'space waste' which is circuiting the planet in earth orbit, and which threatens space industry efforts of every country. The situation was described in detail by Mr Yuri Makarov, Head of Strategic Planning at Russian state space corporation Roskosmos.
“Space waste today amounts to nearly ten thousand tons of redundant space technology in orbit. We've catalogued nearly twenty-three thousand pieces of it. They include parts of spacecraft, launch units, and other debris”, Mr Makarov said.
Danger predictions for potentially hazardous situation in earth orbit are the rationale for a permanent monitoring program, which is being effectively solely managed by state programs in Russia and the USA alone, Makarov stated. Russia's monitoring facilities are based in the Russian Far East, in the Caucasus, in Armenia – and in the near future, will also rely on observations from the Crimean astrophysics observatory in the small town of Nauchny.
“Crimea's two observation facilities are both fully functional”, Makarov confirmed.
Future expansion of the observation network will require further observation facilities in the Southern Hemisphere. Roskosmos has already opened a new facility for monitoring space waste, in Brazil. Further facilities are scheduled in Chile, Mexico, and South Africa.
Accurately plotted paths for objects in earth orbit are a must for planning all kinds of space vehicle operations, including earth satellites and the International Space Station, a spokesman from Roskosmos said. The system now in place is based on information-sharing with space experts all over the world, and are logged into a world database tracking space waste debris.
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The Yalta International Economic Forum (YIEF) is an annual international business event centred on economics, and held in Crimea. YMEF is rated among the Top Four economic forums in Russia – alongside the St Petersburg Economic Forum, the Eastern Economic Forum, and the Russian Investment Forum in Sochi.
The Forum's organisers are the Government of the Crimean Republic, and The Yalta International Economic Forum Foundation, with the support of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation.
This year's YIEF event, which takes place over 20th, 21st and 22n April, has gathered more than 1500 attendees, including over 150 international participants from over 40 different countries. The most numerous of the foreign delegations attending YIEF this year has been from Italy – with over 50 delegates attending.
The primary venue for the Forum, as in previous years, is the MRIYA RESORT & SPA hotel – while a series of events is also being held at the Livadia Palace, and at other venue locations located along the southern shores of Crimea.
The program for YIEF-2017 features more than 29 business events, 25 themed sessions, a central feature session devoted to developments in Crimea's construction sector, and the keynote discussion at YIEF, the main plenary session – which is divided into three thematic sections – 'World', 'Country', and 'People'. The 'World' section throws the focus onto the economic situation in Russia through the prism of international business. It's envisaged to look at issues of Russia's place in the world economy, Russian experience as a business partner, and a discussion of the opportunities which Russia presents for international investors. During the 'Country' section Forum participants will be focusing on the potential for Russia to develop an innovation-based economy that will meet tomorrow's needs. During the 'People' section social issues and care for the environment will take centre-stage.
On the sidelines of YIEF-2017 it is expected that a slew of Agreements, Contracts, and Memorandums will be signed. According to information from the Ministry of Ecnoomic Development of the Crimean Republic, the sums involved in the expected agreements and memorandums for projects will top 53 billion Russian roubles in committed investment funds.
Crimea's investment potential is highlighted in a special exhibition of investment projects due to run for the entire three days of the Forum. Forum participants will be presenting over 35 projects and sites which are already at the green-light stage for investment, as well as examples of major investment and infrastructure projects which are already up-and-running.
The business program for the closing day of YIEF-2017 offers individual meetings with the Head of the Crimean Republic, Mr Sergey Aksionov, for official delegations, investors, and members of the business community.
The Cultural Program of the Forum will include a performance by the Severny Gorod (Northern City) orchestra, under its director Mr Fabio Pirola; a rally of old-timer vehicles; and excursions to different historic heritage locations along the southern shores of Crimea.
An important element of YIEF-2017 will be sports events for business program participants, which will continue throughout the whole period of the Forum. Under the aegis of YIEF-2017, the IInd Crimean Corporate Games will be held. These include mini-football, basketball, football, chess, checkers, 100m and 800m sprint runs, tug-'o-war, arm-wrestling, kettle-bell, weightlifting, press-ups, and darts. Nearly 400 people are expected to participate.
Last year's YIEF-2016 took place over 14th to 16th April, and attracted over 1100 people – including governmental figures, members of the business community, and economic experts. Among the visitors were more than 70 international participants from 26 different countries. These included business leaders, politicians, and other significant opinion-formers. This was the largest number to date of foreign business visitors to Crimea since the peninsula reunited with Russia.
YIEF-2016 saw the inking of 12 different investment agreements, to a total value of over 70 billion roubles – as well as the development of mechanisms to protect the economic interests of foreign investors interested in investing in Crimea, so that they remain unaffected by the malign effects of western sanctions imposed on Russia. The Forum played host to the signing of contract for building a new terminal for Simferopol International Airport, whose total contract value amounted to 32 billion roubles. This made it the most valuable investment project in the history of the Crimean Republic.
Straregic YIEF-2017 Partner – VAD Corporation. General YIEF-2017 Partners RNKB Bank PAO, Sibavtoban Corporation, and Mirya Resort & Spa hotel complex. Official YIEF-2017 partner – AB ROSSIYA Corporation. Key YIEF-2017 partners include KubanEnergo Public Corporation; Titanovie Investitsiy Corp; Crimean Soda Works Corp; Morskaya Direktsiya Corp; Parangon State Corp; Crimean Fruits Company.
A huge raft of different companies have stepped forward as partners of Forum Sessions.
The work YIEF-2017 is reported and broadcast by over 250 different Russian and international media organisations.
The YIEF-2017 Strategic Information Partner is TASS. YIEF-2017 General Information Partners are the Russia Today, Rossiya Segodnya, Perviy Krymsky and Krym-24 TV channels; Radio Krym; MIA Rossiya Segodnya. and Komsomolskaya Pravda. General Internet Information Partners are: RNS, Lenta.ru, and Gazeta.ru.
Special Information Partners of the Forum's proceedings are Vedomosti, RBK television channel, and RIA Novosti Krym.
The official radio station for the Forum is Radio Sputnik Krym, Official Information Partners are PRIME and Rossiya Segodnya.
Additional information partners of the Forum include Rossiyskaya Gazeta; Delovoy Krym magazine; Interfax-Yug information agency; Strana television channel; Izvestia; NIA-Federatsiya; Krymskaya Gazeta; Krymskoe Informatsionnoye Agenstsvo (KIA); Kryminform corporation' Krymsky Journal; and Ekonomika i Zhizn'.